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Damage to crops by drought

2019-12-11  |   Editor : houxue2018  

It refers to the decrease of soil water content due to the lack of precipitation, rivers and other water resources during the growing period of crops, and the water supply for a certain growing stage of crops is less than its water demand, then will affect the normal growth of crops and the production and life of the masses. The affected area is called drought area.

Dry damage

Dry damage refers to the phenomenon that the precipitation is significantly reduced compared with the same period of the year due to long sunshine without rain or little rain. After the occurrence of drought, due to the limitation of water source, basic water conservancy conditions or economic conditions, necessary drought-resistant measures are not taken in time, resulting in the reduction of farmland production or the loss of industrial production in cities and towns. The degree of drought is closely related to the precipitation in the early stage, duration of drought, groundwater level, and the types and varieties of crops and their growth periods. Therefore, the specific indicators of drought vary from place to place and from crop to crop. More than 30% of the reduction in farmland production is called disaster area, of which more than 80% is called no harvest.

Drought does not mean dry damage, drought can only become a disaster if it causes losses. Desert is dry, but it will not bring loss to people, drought here is not a disaster, but a natural phenomenon.

Dry damage is one of the most widespread natural disasters in the world, causing the greatest agricultural losses, China is a big agricultural country, dry damage is the main meteorological disaster affecting agricultural production in China. According to statistics, annual dry damage losses in China account for more than 15% of all natural disasters; 10 billion kg of grain is reduced annually due to dry damage.

In the past 50 years, with the development of economy and the increase of population in China, coupled with the pollution of water resources, the shortage of water resources has become increasingly serious, against the background of global warming and northern aridification, dry damage in China is on the rise, with 77.4% of provinces and regions in China experiencing an increase. Secondly, water resources are insufficient, for example, in north China, over the past 30 years, because of the decreasing trend of precipitation and the long-term over exploitation of groundwater, the water level has been decreasing year by year, and some coastal cities have seen the phenomenon of surface subsidence and seawater flooding. All these have not only become the restrictive conditions for the further development of many large and medium-sized cities, but also seriously affect the development of industrial and agricultural production, and even endanger the stability of the whole city. Long-term drought will also lead to the deterioration of the ecological environment, such as desertification, wind erosion and so on.

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