The deadliest storm surge on record was the Bhola cyclone in 1970,
which killed as many as 500,000 people in the area of the Bay of Bengal.
The low-lying coast of the Bay of Bengal is particularly vulnerable
to surges caused by tropical cyclones. The deadliest storm surge in
the twenty-first century was caused by the Cyclone Nargis,
which killed more than 138,000 people in Myanmar in May 2008.
The next deadliest in this century was caused by the Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda),
which killed more than 6,000 people in the central Philippines in 2013 and
resulted in economic losses estimated at $14 billion (USD).
Hurricane Galveston took place on September 8, 1900, and was the most hurricane in the history of the United States. The hurricane hit the city of Galveston, Texas, killing 6,000 people.
The highest storm tide noted in historical accounts was produced by the 1899
Cyclone Mahina, estimated at almost 44 ft (13 metres) at Bathurst Bay, Australia,
but research published in 2000 saw the majority of this was likely wave run-up,
due to the steep coastal topography. In the United States, one of the greatest
recorded storm surges was generated by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which produced
a maximum storm surge of more than 25 ft (8 metres) in the communities of Waveland
(41.5 ft), Bay St. Louis (38 ft), Diamondhead (30 ft) and Pass Christian (35 ft)
in Mississippi.Another record storm surge occurred in this same area from Hurricane
Camille in August 1969, with the highest storm tide of record noted from a high water
mark as 24.6 ft (7.5 m), also found in Pass Christian (the back side of St. Louis Bay
got up to 35 ft).A high storm surge occurred in New York City from Hurricane Sandy in
October 2012, with a high tide of 14 ft (4.2 m).