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Risk avoidance of earthquakes

2018-11-20  |   Editor : houguangbing  

If you have received a warning of possible earthquakes, turn off the liquefied petroleum gas valve and power supply immediately. Take large and heavy objects away from high shelves. Put bottles, glasses, porcelains and other fragile objects in low cabinets, close cabinet doors and remove suspended objects. Prepare the following items for emergency use: water, medicine and emergency food, flashlight, whistle, towel, fire extinguisher, etc.

Indoor seismic protection measures

(1)Prepare a household quakeproof bag with water, food, first aid medicines, whistles, pliers and other supplies and tools.

(2)High cabinets should be fixed with the wall to avoid falling over on someone or clogging the escape path.

(3)Do not pile heavy objects on taller furnitures.

(4)Fix furnitures or objects with wheels, such as pianoes.

(5)Fix valuables on the desktop, such as computers

(6)Fasten or strengthen suspenders, such as lamps, clocks and picture frames, and kitchen utensils.

(7)Take the flowerpots and sundries down from the balcony fences.

(8)Bedrooms, especially for the elderly or children, should keep furnitures and sundries as little as possible, especially tall and big items.

(9)Every family member should be familiar with the location of electricity, water, gas valve, and grasp the correct method of closing.

(10)Do not put flammable、explosive、pesticide or toxic substances in houses.

Outdoor quakeproof measures

(1) No debris is piled in main door, passageway and corridor to facilitate evacuation

(2)Choose the safety site for evacuation and avoidance earthquakes, the site should be close and spacious, tall buildings, poles, brick walls, streetlights and transformers should be avoided.

(3) Temporary quakeproof tents should be built at designated locations according to the government's arrangements, where areas for imminent earthquake prediction. During the outdoors, pay attention to hygiene, fire prevention, reserve drinking water, and observe and maintain social order.

Earthquakes happened in a flash, as long as the risk avoidance measures are correct, the possibility of escape is great. When a destructive earthquake occurs suddenly, rapid evacuation after the earthquake is a good way to avoid earthquakes, take the nearest place to evade. Of course, if you live in a bungalow or one floor of a building, you can go directly to the outdoor safety places.

Keypoints of earthquake avoidance

(1)We can be hidden at the side of the solid furniture such as indoor beds, tables, sofas and so on, choose small rooms and places with more pipes.

(2)Postures that body should take: prostrate on the ground, squat down or sit down, curle up body as much as possible to reduce body weight.

(3)Protect your head and neck, eyes and mouth and nose, had better protect your head with quilts, pillows and so on.

(4)Avoid the stream of people, do not rush around and light a fire casually to prevent flammable and explosive gases in the air.

(5)Do not jump down the stairs and dodge under bunk bed. Avoid the weak parts of walls, such as doors and windows.

(6)Those who have already evacuated the building cannot return to it during the remaining stage of the aftershocks.

How to avoid earthquakes in schools?

(1) Do not run outside the classroom, you should quickly cover your head with a schoolbag, close your eyes and hide at your desks, you should transfer to the outside of classrooms under the guidance of teachers after the earthquake.

(2) You can sit still and keep your head with both hands outside the playground. Avoid tall buildings or dangerous things.

(3)Never return to the classroom.

How to avoid earthquakes in the wild and the seaside?

(1) We should avoid the feet of the hills, steep cliffs and steep slopes to prevent collapse-landslide, debris flows and so on in the wild.

(2)When encountering collapse-landslide, we should run to the direction perpendicular to the rolling stones, must not run downhill along the rolling stones; also can hide under solid obstacles or squat under ditches and sills. Protect your head well particularly.

(3)At the seaside, it is necessary to move away from the coastline as soon as possible to avoid possible tsunami attacks caused by earthquakes.

How to avoid earthquakes in public places?

(1)Follow the instructions of the staff on-site, do not panic, do not crowd to the exit, avoid the flow of people, and avoid being crowded into the wall or fence.

(2) In theatres, gymnasiums and other places, squat or lie on the bench; pay attention to avoid hanging lights, fans and other suspenders; pay attention to protect the head; listen to the command of the staff, organized evacuation after the earthquake.

(3)In supermarkets, shopping malls, bookstores, exhibition halls, subways and other places, choose strong counters, commodities or pillar edges, as well as the corner of inner walls and other places to squat, protect your head with hands or other things; avoid glass windows or counters; avoid tall unstable or placed heavy, fragile goods shelves; avoid high suspenders such as billboards, chandeliers; orderly withdrawal, do not desperate, avoid triggering stampede incidents.

(4) In the driving car, hold on the handrail to avoid injury; lower the center of gravity, hide near the seat; get off the car after the earthquake.

(5)In the streets, we should protect our heads, squat or fall in an open place to avoid falling, and keep away from narrow streets, tall buildings, glass walls, high chimneys, transformers, poles, street lights, billboards, viaducts and yards with dangerous and inflammable goods.

(6)After the earthquake stopped, do not run back to the buildings which are not collapsed easily in order to prevent the aftershocks from hurting people.

How to deal with special hazards during an earthquake?

(1) When gas leaks, use a wet towel to cover your mouth and nose, never use an open flame and try to transfer it after the earthquake.

(2) In case of fire, lie on the ground, cover your mouth and nose with a wet towel, and move to a safe place after the earthquake stops, creep forward and walk against the wind.

(3) Should pay attention to avoid dangerous places, such as factories which product dangerous goods, dangerous goods, flammable and explosive warehouse etc. When gas leaks, chemical plant fire, don not run to the downwind direction, go around the windward direction, and try to over your mouth and nose with a wet towel.

It is particularly noticed that earthquakes are likely to cause fires and explosions, be sure to turn off power supplies and gases. There are three closing opportunities:

The first opportunity: close quickly when the small shaking occurs before the large one.

The second opportunity: shut down when the great shaking stops.

The third opportunity: even if there is a fire, it can be extinguished within 1 to 2min.

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