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China's Emergency Management on Natural Disaster

2018-10-09  |   Editor : houguangbing  

The early warning of disaster

Accurate and timely disaster warning and forecast is an important mean to reduce the loss of life and property of the people. Up to now, various natural disaster monitoring and forecasting systems have been gradually established in China. The departments such as land and resource, water, agriculture, forestry, earthquake, meteorology and Marine use a variety of scientific means to improve the capacity of disaster monitoring, early warning and forecasting. Meanwhile, they also release the information to government, enterprises, institutions and the public and guide the work of disaster prevention and preparedness. With the perfection of a series of meteorological satellites, the successful launch of the “small satellite for environmental and disaster monitoring and prediction” and the continuous development of the later satellite launch, China will realize a monitoring system with large-scale, all-day and dynamic.

We will increase the density of the station based on the existing monitoring network so that we can make an effective monitoring system for disasters. We will strengthen the capacity of early warning for the disasters which happen frequently and easily, release the warning information in a timely manner, make use of the television, mobile phone, network, newspaper, special alarm, warning horn and ocean warning station to release the accurate and timely disaster warning information to disaster-affected areas and finally make the warning information covers all over.

The emergency response to disaster

Every time after a major natural disaster, initiating emergency response according to the emergency plan is an important part of emergency management. Emergency response mainly includes monitoring and warning, emergency rescue, transferring and relocating, medical aid and social mobilization. The governments at all levels in the disaster area should start the emergency response immediately, set up a disaster emergency command organization under the leadership of local party committees and governments and with related departments as members. This organization is response to the formulation of disaster response strategies and measures, the emergency disposal on site and the report of disaster situation and disaster relief work to upper governments and related departments. Under the unified leadership of the state council, the related departments perform their duties and cooperate closely with each other, start emergency plan in time and complete the relief work for disasters.

The reconstruction after disasters

Post-disaster recovery and reconstruction is a continuation of the relief. On the material plane, it includes reconstruction on housing, infrastructure, public service facilities, production facilities, disaster prevention and reduction facilities, ecological environment and so on. On the spiritual plane, it mainly includes psychological reconstruction, family reestablishment and social relationship reconstruction. The reconstruction after disasters should insist the theory of “people first”. We should give the priority to the rehabilitation and reconstruction of basic living and public service facilities; we should respect science and nature and consider the carrying capacity of the environment; we should combine the overall consideration with industrialization, urbanization and new rural development. Through the reconstruction after disasters, we hope that we can promote comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable economic and social development in the disaster-stricken area and improve the quality of life of people in disaster areas significantly.

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