Comprehensive disaster reduction is a necessary way
From 1950 s, production departments have been performing their
duties till now, the water department is responsible to water
disaster, the geological department is responsible to the geologic
hazard and agriculture department is responsible to the agricultural
disaster. There are 7 departments which responsible for the management
of related disasters- Water Resources Bureau, Geology Bureau, Agriculture
Bureau, Forestry Bureau, Meteorology Bureau, Earthquake Bureau and Sea
Bureau. And there are Civil Affairs Department which responsible to the
management of disaster rescue and departments of planning, financial and
construction responsible to the management of related affairs of disaster.
By 2004, the CPC central committee and the state council strengthened
emergency management of emergencies and organized all kinds of emergencies.
So departments clarified the responsibilities and formulated emergency
response plans according to their responsibilities.
Division of labor responsibility has a great advantage in some degree
such as clear duty and departments can perform their roles and sometimes
this system can help to achieve high efficiency in dealing with disasters.
But every coin has two sides, it also has some disadvantages. First, the
randomness that each departments does what he think is right and the
decentralized management make it difficult to act together. Second, some
coordination matters have been debated a long time because of the different
interests and different opinions. Third, it wasted some inadequate resources
for disaster reduction because of repeated mechanism, project and subject
in each departmental closed self-design. And then, it made the information
sharing and technology apply became difficult because of the barriers between
the departments. The last, the rules of regulation extend these disadvantages
downward which made the provincial government difficult to deal with and
influenced the local disaster reduction.
There is a correlation between natural disasters and catastrophes often
form a series of disasters. Major natural disasters often destroy the
buildings, cause casualties, homelessness and property losses and impact
the operation of economic. So mitigating natural disasters is a complex
work, and it needs the coordination action of all disaster
management departments, the active management of all local
departments and the support and participation of the whole society.
In order to make the disaster reduction works in a coordinated
and heathy way, the leaders in state council and related departments
have conducted a long-term exploration. In October, 2000, the state council
changed the name "China and International Committee on disaster reduction
for a decade" to "China and International Committee on disaster reduction";
in April, 2005, authorized by state council, the "China and International
Committee on disaster reduction" has been changed into "National Committee
on disaster reduction"(it will be called as "National disaster
reduction commission"). National disaster reduction commission
is an integrative system which is under the leading of state council,
the coordination of National disaster reduction commission and related
departments. National disaster reduction commission drafted and
implemented The Plan for National comprehensive disaster reduction
and The Plan for National comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction
from 2011 to 2015, led and coordinated the relief work of a series of
disasters in a scientific way, minimized the personnel injury,
economic loss and social impact and safeguards the public security
and national sustainable development.