Login   |      Register
English    中文

The causes of red tide

2018-09-03  |   Editor : houguangbing  

The change of hydrometeorological and physicochemical factors is the important reason of the occurrence of red tide. The temperature of sea water is an important environmental factor of red tide, and 20 degrees Celsius to 30 degrees Celsius is the suitable temperature range of red tide. Scientists have found that a sudden increase in water temperature of two degrees Celsius in a week is a sign of red tides. Changes in the chemical factors such as salinity change are also responsible for the mass reproduction of "red tide" organisms.

If the salinity is in the range of 26 to 37, then red tide is likely to occur. However, when the salinity is 15 to 21.6, it is easy to form the thermocline and halocline. Their presence is a condition for the aggregation of red tide organisms, which can easily induce red tide.

Because of the confluence of runoff, upwelling, water mass or current, the nutrient salt of submarine layer rises to the upper layer of water, resulting in the highly eutrophication of coastal waters. The rapid increase of nutritive salt content causes the proliferation of diatoms. These diatoms, especially the dense bones of diatoms, often cause red tides.

These diatoms also provide rich diet for noctilucent algae, which promotes the proliferation of noctilucent algae, thus creating a pink glow of nocturnal algae.

According to the monitoring data, when red tides happen, the waters are mostly dry and less rain, the weather is hot, the water temperature is high, the wind is weak, or the tide is slow to wait for the water environment.

Label :
    Sign in for comments!

Comment list ( 0 )