The online map of disaster frequency distribution by disaster type
in Sichuan Province in 2014 is from the Atlas of natural disasters in China in 2014,
the book is edited by the National Disaster Reduction Commission Office,
the Disaster relief Department of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the
National Disaster Reduction Center of Ministry of Civil Affairs, and
is published by China Map Publishing House. The scale of this map is 1:8300000.
In 2014, the disaster situation in Sichuan Province was lighter than
that in recent years, with drought and flood disasters as the main
disasters. The number of dead and missing persons, the area affected by
crops and collapsed houses were the lowest in recent years.
1.Frequent disasters and serious losses
Natural disasters occur frequently in Sichuan throughout the year,
including continuous drought in winter and spring in Western Sichuan
Plateau and Panxi region, continuous drought in summer in Northeast basin,
mountain collapse disaster in Maoxian County, Aba Prefecture, flood disaster
in Xiaojin County in Agui Prefecture, debris flow disaster and flood
disaster in Donggu Township, Danba County, Ganzi Prefecture.
From July to September, Guangyuan, Bazhong, Dazhou, Nanchong and
other cities suffered continuous droughts and floods in summer,
resulting in heavy losses， the continuous drought in winter and
summer has a serious impact on crop sowing, emergence, growth and
drinking water for human and livestock; Flood and geological disasters
caused by rainstorm caused a large number of collapsed and seriously
damaged rural houses, waterlogging in cities and towns, serious
casualties and property losses.
2.Prominent drought and crops have great influence
Sichuan is affected by two droughts in the whole year， the spring
drought occurs from January to May. The severe drought areas are
mainly distributed in Panxi region and Ganzi Prefecture. The summer
drought occurs from July to September, mainly in the most part of the
basin, Panxi area and the southern part of Ganzi Prefecture. The
Jinsha River Valley area in Panxi has less rainfall by more than
80%, and there is basically no effective rainfall in one month,
which makes it difficult for people and livestock to drink water
in Cangxi County, Guangyuan City, 39 villages and towns were affected
by the worst drought, 1150 groups of 187 villages did not plant rice,
70% of corn was dead, and 30% of spring crops died and 70% dried up.
3.The disaster hit areas have been repeatedly affected and people's lives are difficult
Part of the disaster-stricken areas were the hardest hit by the
"5•12" Wenchuan Earthquake and the "4•20" Lushan Earthquake. For
example, Panzhihua City, the hardest-hit area, suffered continuous
droughts in winter and spring for five consecutive years, which
made life more difficult for the people in this area, and self-help
and recovery of production Reconstruction was greatly affected.
The proportion of the total number of disasters in the region (%):
The closer to the dark blue area shows: The ratio of the number of
disasters to the total number of disasters in the region is ≥ 10.
The closer to the light blue area shows: The ratio of the number of
disasters to the total number of disasters in the region is 3-10.
The gray and white area in the figure shows: The proportion of the
number of disasters to the total number of disasters in the area is ＜3.
The orange sector in the figure shows: Drought disaster.
The blue sector in the figure shows: Floods and geological disasters.
The brown sector in the figure shows: Wind and hail disaster.
The green sector in the figure shows: Typhoon disaster.
The pink sector in the figure shows: Earthquake disaster.
The purple sector in the figure shows: Low temperature freezing and snow disaster.