The online map of disaster frequency distribution by disaster type
in Yunnan Province in 2014 is from the Atlas of natural disasters in China in 2014,
the book is edited by the National Disaster Reduction Commission Office,
the Disaster relief Department of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the
National Disaster Reduction Center of Ministry of Civil Affairs, and
is published by China Map Publishing House. The scale of this map is 1:6900000.
In 2014, the disaster situation in Yunnan Province was more serious than
that in recent years, with earthquake and flood disasters as the main
disasters, the number of dead and missing persons, emergency resettlement
population, damaged houses and direct economic losses were the highest in
recent years, and the disaster area of crops was the lowest.
1.The earthquake disaster is prominent and the casualties are heavy
There were 7 earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 5 and 3 earthquakes with magnitude
≥ 6 in Yunnan, including Yingjiang magnitude 6.1 earthquake on May 30, Ludian magnitude 6.5
earthquake on Aug. 3 and Jinggu magnitude 6.6 earthquake on Oct.7.
Among them, Ludian Ms6.5 earthquake caused the most serious loss.
It is the strongest earthquake in Ludian area since the historical records,
and the most serious earthquake in Yunnan in recent ten years. It caused
a large number of urban and rural housing damage, transportation, communication
and other infrastructure, schools, medical and health institutions and
other public service facilities were seriously damaged, which seriously
affected the production and life of local people.
2.Heavy rainfall, floods and typhoons cause more deaths
During the flood season, the province’s average precipitation was 813 mm,
which was 1% less than normal (820 mm) in the same period, and was the
highest precipitation in the same period in the past five years. Heavy
rainfall caused floods and geological disasters, causing a large number
of deaths and missing persons. Affected by typhoons "Rammasun" and "Seagull",
the province experienced heavy rains. Heavy rains and rainstorms occurred
in most of central Yunnan. The daily precipitation at Pingbian and Ning'er
stations exceeded historical extremes. "Rammasun" is the typhoon that
has affected Yunnan the most precipitation in the past five years,
causing 46 deaths and missing.
The proportion of the total number of disasters in the region (%):
The closer to the dark blue area shows: The ratio of the number of
disasters to the total number of disasters in the region is ≥ 9.
The closer to the light blue area shows: The ratio of the number of
disasters to the total number of disasters in the region is 5-9.
The gray and white area in the figure shows: The proportion of the
number of disasters to the total number of disasters in the area is ＜5.
The orange sector in the figure shows: Drought disaster.
The blue sector in the figure shows: Floods and geological disasters.
The brown sector in the figure shows: Wind and hail disaster.
The green sector in the figure shows: Typhoon disaster.
The pink sector in the figure shows: Earthquake disaster.
The purple sector in the figure shows: Low temperature freezing and snow disaster.