The online map of provincial integrated disaster index for drought in China in 2016
comes from the Atlas of China's Natural Disasters in 2016.
This map was edited by the Office of the National Disaster Reduction Commission,
the Disaster Relief Department of the Ministry of Civil Affairs,
and the National Disaster Reduction Center of the Ministry of Civil Affairs,
and was published by China Map Publishing House.
The Atlas of China's Natural Disasters in 2016 is the sixth volume
of the Atlas of China's Natural Disasters series.
In terms of layout design,
it continues the concept of Atlas of Natural Disasters 2011-2015 in China,
continues to adopt the current international popular simplicity style,
and fully uses composite colors and combined symbol
expression methods combining the characteristics of natural disasters,
so as to have both the readability of the content,
the aesthetics of the overall layout,
and the objectivity of information transmission.
In terms of content setting, in addition to the
traditional analysis of disaster situations and
temporal and spatial characteristics, an attempt
to analyze the disaster situation, monthly disaster
situation distribution characteristics, and relative
loss index in key regions of the “Belt and Road” has
also been added.
In 2016, the drought disaster in China was obviously mild,
but some areas were seriously affected,
with a relatively concentrated time and region.
The most serious impact was the summer and summer drought in the north.
30.572 million person times were affected in 480 counties
(cities, districts) in 25 provinces (autonomous regions,
municipalities directly under the Central Government) and
some regiments and yards of the Xinjiang Production and
Construction Corps, 2.346 million person times had difficulty drinking water,
and 6.391 million person times needed living assistance due to drought;
The affected area of crops was 9872.2 thousand hectares,
including 1018.3 thousand hectares of dead crops;
5.825 million large livestock with difficulty
in drinking water; The direct economic loss was 41.81 billion yuan.
On the whole, the drought disaster is significantly
lighter than the average since 2000, and the affected
area and the area without income of crops are more than
50% lighter, respectively ranking the second lowest
and third lowest since 2000.
Compared with the average value during the "12th Five
Year Plan" period, the drought loss is also significantly
lighter, with more than 20% of the affected area of crops
lighter, and more than 10% of the area without income.
Among the affected provinces, the disaster situation in
Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang and Gansu is more prominent.
Online map of count of drought events by county in China in 2016