Libya is located in North Africa, with its northern coast bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Being
part of the Mediterranean region, it holds a significant strategic position. Much of the
country's territory falls within desert regions, leading to severe desertification and a
scarcity of freshwater resources. Along the Mediterranean coastline, particularly during the
summer, Libya can be affected by tropical cyclones and hurricanes, which can result in flooding
and storm surges. Furthermore, due to climate change, the frequency and severity of extreme
weather events are on the rise, which may increase the risk of more natural disasters.
On September 10th local time, Hurricane "Daniel" hit the eastern region of Libya, causing severe
flooding. The disaster situation in the Libyan port city of Derna was the most severe, with two
dams breaking, resulting in the catastrophic consequences of "a quarter of the cities completely
disappearing". According to data from the Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, as
of the evening of September 12th local time, more than 11300 people have been confirmed dead due
to floods and about 10100 others are missing throughout Libya. In addition, the
political division and prolonged war in Libya, as well as the neglect of infrastructure
maintenance, further exacerbated the severity of this disaster. Although the country has
abundant oil resources, long-term political instability has led to the degradation of
infrastructure, which is also another reason for the outbreak of disasters. Furthermore, Libya's
political division and prolonged conflict, coupled with the neglect of infrastructure
maintenance, have further exacerbated the severity of this disaster.
IKCEST-DRR organized data collection and consolidation quickly after the disaster. Through this
data sharing column, IKCEST-DRR would provide sharing services to relevant emergency disaster
relief, post reconstruction, and research personnel.