The online map of integrated disaster index by province in China in 2016
comes from the Atlas of China's Natural Disasters in 2016.
This map was edited by the Office of the National Disaster Reduction Commission,
the Disaster Relief Department of the Ministry of Civil Affairs,
and the National Disaster Reduction Center of the Ministry of Civil Affairs,
and was published by China Map Publishing House.
The Atlas of China's Natural Disasters in 2016 is the sixth volume
of the Atlas of China's Natural Disasters series.
In terms of layout design,
it continues the concept of Atlas of Natural Disasters 2011-2015 in China,
continues to adopt the current international popular simplicity style,
and fully uses composite colors and combined symbol
expression methods combining the characteristics of natural disasters,
so as to have both the readability of the content,
the aesthetics of the overall layout,
and the objectivity of information transmission.
In terms of content setting, in addition to the
traditional analysis of disaster situations and
temporal and spatial characteristics, an attempt
to analyze the disaster situation, monthly disaster
situation distribution characteristics, and relative
loss index in key regions of the “Belt and Road” has
also been added.
General situation of natural disasters
In 2016, natural disasters in China were mainly floods,
typhoons, wind, hail and geological disasters.
Drought, earthquakes, low temperature freezing,
snow disasters and forest fires also occurred to varying degrees.
According to statistics, all kinds of natural
disasters have affected nearly 190 million people
nationwide, 1432 people died, 274 people were missing,
1608 people were hospitalized due to disasters,
9.110 million people were urgently relocated and
3.538 million people needed emergency life assistance;
521000 houses collapsed and 3.34 million were damaged
to varying degrees; The affected area of crops was 26.22
million hectares, of which 2.9 million hectares were lost;
The direct economic loss was 503.29 billion yuan.
In general, the disaster situation in 2016 was slightly
lighter than that since 2000, basically equal to the
average value during the "Twelfth Five Year Plan" period,
and significantly heavier than that in 2015.